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Главная » 2018 » Март » 11 » prefer, would rather, had better
00:32
prefer, would rather, had better

Предпочтения в английском языке можно высказать, используя обороты:

prefer, would prefer,  would rather ( 'd rather) , had better ( 'd better)

 

Form Use Example  
prefer + Noun/ Ving to Noun/ Ving

general preference

(общее предпочтение)

I prefer tea to juice. 

I prefer swimming in the sea to climbing the  mountains.

 
would prefer + (not) to V1  (+ rather than (V1/ to V1))

specific preference 

(в данном случае)

I would prefer to go to the cinema rather than (to) stay at home.

 

 
would rather + (not)  V1 (than (V1))

general or specific preference

(общее или разовое)

I'd rather go to the cinema than stay at home.  
would rather + smb + V2 / (was/were Ving)

general or specific  preference 

(общее или разовое, но о другом человеке)

 

I'd rather you went home.

I would rather you didn't go there alone.

 
had better + (not) V1

giving advice

(даем совет)

You'd better go home.

 

 

 

 

Видео по теме от native speaker (полезно посмотреть и послушать)

Онлайн упражнения

would rather, would prefer1

would rather

would rather, would prefer 2

had better, had better not

had better

had better, would rather 1

had better, would rather 2

had better, would rather 3

had better, would rather 4

 

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RATHER - RATHER THAN - WOULD RATHER  

It is often difficult for learners of English to know when to use 'rather', 'rather than' or 'would rather'. The explanation below should help clarify things.

RATHER:

'Rather' is an adverb of degree like ‘fairly’, ‘quite’, etc. that can be used with nouns, adverbs, adjectives and superlatives.• That’s rather a nuisance!
• He cooks rather well.
• She’s got a rather nice voice.
• That’s rather more than I expected to pay.
OR RATHER :

When we want to correct what we have just said, or make it more precise, we often use the expression ‘or rather’.• His son is a doctor, or rather, a surgeon.
To talk about preferences there are two structures: 'rather than' and 'would rather'.

RATHER THAN :
• It would be better to go in September rather than in August.
• I prefer to leave now rather than wait for all the speeches.
• He decided to write rather than telephone.
WOULD RATHER :

The expression ‘would rather’ is followed by the bare infinitive (the infinitive without ‘to’).• Would you rather live here or go back to London? I’d rather live here.
(= I would prefer to live here.)
• I don't want to go to the swimming pool. I’d rather go to the beach.
(= I would prefer to go to the beach.)

To say that one person would prefer another person to do something, ‘would rather’ is generally followed by a past tense.• Don’t come on Monday. I’d rather you came on Tuesday.
To express regret about something that has already happened, ‘would rather’ is followed by the past perfect.• I’d rather you hadn’t done that = I wish you hadn’t done that.
-ING forms:
When the main clause has a verb in the –ing form, ‘rather than’ can be followed by –ing.• I prefer getting up early rather than rushing at the last minute.

Be careful to note the following: 

I'd rather + bare infinitive usually means 'I'd prefer', as in the following example:
◊ I’d rather have a cup of tea. = I’d prefer to have a cup of tea / I'd prefer a cup of tea.

BUT, with certain verbs - like/enjoy/appreciate - the meaning changes a little:
◊ I'd rather have a beer = I'd prefer to have a beer.
◊ I’d rather like a beer = I’d quite like a beer / I would enjoy a beer.

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Упражнение 2. 
Дополните диалоги, используя WOULD RATHER (´d rather) or WOULD RATHER NOT (‘d rather not) и следующие фразы.


have some hot chocolate, go to Italy, watch a film on TV, go by train, go to school today, say

Frank: Let’s go to London by car.Dan:  _______________________________________ (1)
Mikel: Do you prefer to go to Italy or France this summer?
Rachel:  _______________________________________ (2)
Ron:       What did Alice tell you?Gil:         _______________________________________ (3)
Liz:         Do you feel like going to the movies this evening?
Rina:      No, ____________________________________ (4)
Nora:     What’s the matter?Sheila:   I don’t feel very well. _________________________ (5)
Vera:    Would you like some coffee?Simon:  ________________________________________ (6)


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Упражнения на had better // would rather // prefer
Упражнение 1. Complete the following sentences using HAD BETTER/´D BETTER and HAD BETTER NOT and an appropriate expression from the following list.

take a sandwich,  do that again,  ask his friends if they know where he is,   go to the doctor,   book a table,   leave now.

  • I have to be at school in ten minutes. __________
  • You don’t look very well. You ________________
  • I’m worried. Tom should have been here by now. I____________________________
  • The restaurant is usually crowded. We________________________
  • I won’t have time to go out for lunch. I ____________________________
  • I was very angry with you. You ______________________

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